All people who live with dogs have always stated that: our dogs feel and understand emotions as humans do and what is the best thing I can give my dog for pain. But now there is research that supports these claims. They are not “just animals” , really feel as we do .
Anyone who really loves his dog has said on countless occasions his friends that their animals get angry and sad. Our pets notice when we need your help or when you simply want to be left alone, based on many indications as our behaviors, pheromones, body language and as research has shown: our speech.
A group of researchers in Hungary , took pictures of the brains of dogs by MRI and found that reacted to the voices in the same way that humans do, especially sounds emotionally charged, as the laughter and tears. Dogs are able to cry and laugh so are two sounds that evoke specific responses in the brains of dogs.
A total of 11 dogs were trained to stand still during his explorations, using positive reinforcement training.
” There were 12 training sessions, then 7 sessions in the scanner room, then these dogs were able to stay still for 8 minutes.” “Once they were trained, they were so happy, I would not believe it if I had not seen , ” said Attila Andics study author from the Hungarian Academy of Science of the University Eotvos Lorand inBudapest (Hungary).
The researchers also observed the brains of 22 people for comparison. Each subject heard sounds of dogs and 200 humans from environmental sounds such as cars and whistles, to complain, barking and mourn. While humans showed stronger responses to human sounds, and dogs reacted more strongly to sounds of dogs, the results showed that our brains light up in similar areas .
They found that the temporal pole, the anterior temporal lobe, which regulates emotions, hearing, language, learning and memory, was part of the brain that are activated when they heard humans and animals sounds.
“We know that there are areas of speech in humans, areas that respond more strongly to human sounds than any other sounds,” explained Dr. Andics. “The location of the activity in the brains of dogs is very similar to what we found in the brains of humans. The fact that we found these areas in the brains of dogs is a big surprise, it’s the first time we’ve seen this in a non-primate “.
Just the fact that the brains of dogs are being studied goes to show how important they are for us, these are the first studies that human brains are compared to the brains of animals that are not primates.
“Voice areas are located similarly in dogs and humans, this means that these areas were developed at least 100 million years ago, the age of the last common ancestor of humans and dogs”.
Dogs and humans have been sharing a similar social environment for many years.
“Our findings suggest that they also use a similar mechanism brain to process social information. This can confirm that verbal communication between the two species. Dogs and humans use similar brain mechanisms to process social information and this is the first step in understanding the vocal communication between dogs and humans so successful. ”
“We know that dogs are very good at detecting the feelings of their owners, and we know that a good owner of a dog can detect emotional changes your dog, but now begin to understand why this is possible,” Andics said .
When the brain of a dog looks, it is clear that they are actually not so far from human in the sense of development. Other studies have shown that mental age of a dog is comparable to that of a preschool age child. It seems that one of the only things that really separates humans from dogs is the hyoid bone, which gives us humans the ability to speak.